Blog post

Unveiling CSRD: Embracing Biodiversity in European Corporate Sustainability

Denis Frischmann


The global push towards sustainability has reached a pivotal moment with the implementation of the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) in Europe. As of 2024, approximately 49,000 European companies are gearing up to report their sustainability efforts with the same rigor as financial reporting. One of the significant facets of this directive is its emphasis on biodiversity, encapsulated within the European Sustainability Reporting Standards (ESRS) under ESRS E4. In this blog post, we delve into the implications of CSRD, particularly focusing on ESRS E4, and explore how companies need to consider when tackling this topic.

Understanding CSRD and ESRS E4

The CSRD, enacted in 2023, mandates companies to adhere to new binding standards across various sustainability domains. Within this framework, ESRS E4 delineates specific reporting requirements pertaining to biodiversity and ecosystems. It necessitates companies to not only assess their impacts on biodiversity but also formulate concrete action plans to contribute towards global biodiversity restoration goals. By aligning business operations with these standards, companies can pave the way for greater transparency and accountability in their sustainability endeavors.

Implications for Companies

For European businesses, the integration of biodiversity considerations into sustainability reporting signifies a paradigm shift. This entails a substantial expansion of reporting scope and necessitates an overhaul of existing sustainability frameworks. The directive underscores the imperative for companies to realign their strategies and business models in harmony with planetary boundaries, thereby fostering positive biodiversity outcomes.

Navigating ESRS E4 Requirements

  1. ESRS E4-1 | Transition Plan: Companies must disclose their transition plan aligning with biodiversity preservation and EU Biodiversity Strategy 2030 targets. This includes correlation with business strategy, approval from governing bodies, and feasibility considerations.
  2. ESRS E4-2 | Biodiversity Policies: Disclosure of strategies addressing biodiversity effects, risks, and opportunities, considering dependencies and activities like production and procurement.
  3. ESRS E4-3 | Actions and Resources: Details on biodiversity efforts and resource allocation, including measures for biodiversity compensation and whether they're integrated into ongoing practices.
  4. ESRS E4-4 | Biodiversity Targets: Outline objectives, progress, and assessment of biodiversity targets, considering scientific evidence and ecological thresholds.
  5. ESRS E4-5 | Impact Metrics: Disclosure of significant influences on biodiversity, including indicators for changes in species' status and proximity to protected areas.
  6. ESRS E4-6 | Financial Effects: Disclosure of potential financial impacts from biodiversity risks and opportunities, quantifying effects on financial standing and performance, unless exempted under specific circumstances

Planning Ahead

As disclosures under ESRS commence from 2024 for specific companies, proactive planning is imperative to navigate the complexities of biodiversity reporting. Organizations embarking on this journey must conduct comprehensive assessments of their nature-related dependencies and devise targeted action plans aligned with global biodiversity targets. Early engagement with relevant stakeholders and the adoption of robust monitoring mechanisms will be instrumental in ensuring compliance with ESRS E4.


The introduction of CSRD marks a significant shift towards corporate sustainability, with biodiversity conservation taking center stage. Through adopting ESRS E4, companies can seamlessly incorporate biodiversity into their business strategies, leading to positive environmental impacts. As we progress towards a more sustainable future, it is imperative for businesses to utilize CSRD as a catalyst for transformative change, ensuring the preservation of biodiversity for future generations.

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